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The Reasons why “Blacks” should correct their “National-Racial Status” back to “Moors”?

This blog is to inform Moors and non Moors who ignorantly subscribe, embraced or adopted the White Christian Sovereign Citizen interpretation of the legal term “Capitis Diminutio” in general, because it is definitely something American Moors or those known as African Americans, Black Indians, Blacks (Eng.) or Negroes (Spanish) were subjected…

The New Jim Crow Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness-Michelle Alexander

  “The New Jim Crow is a stunning account of the rebirth of a caste-like system in the United States, one that has resulted in millions of African Americans locked behind bars and then relegated to a permanent second-class status—denied…

Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans by Douglas A. Blackmon

“Under laws enacted specifically to intimidate blacks, tens of thousands of African Americans were arbitrarily arrested, hit with outrageous fines, and charged for the costs of their own arrests. With no means to pay these ostensible “debts,” prisoners were sold…

The Other Slavery: The Uncovered Story of Indian Enslavement in America by Andrés Reséndez

Citing from David Treuer’s L. A. Times article: “The major difference between Indian and European populations was the fact that Indians were enslaved to work on gold mines and silver mines in alarming numbers beginning on Columbus’ second voyage whereas…

The “Kurukan Fuga Charter” also known as the “Manden Charter” predates Magna Carta

“At the founding of the Mali Empire, the Manden Charter was born. Sometime in the 1200s, a great warrior named Sundiata Keita pronounced it. Though Disney takes credit for the moniker, Keita was the original “Lion King.” After calling for…

Constitution Of Medina Was The First Describing A Secular & Pluralistic Society, Not The Magna Carta!

The constitution of Medina and not the Magna Carta was the first ever constitution describing a pluralistic society. The Charter of Medina (Arabic: صحيفة المدينة‎‎, Ṣaḥīfat al-Madīnah; or: ميثاق المدينة, Mīthāq al-Madīnah), also known as the Constitution of Medina (دستور…

Hamites are Classed under “White” – U.S. v. Bhagat Singh Thind

  In its decision in the case of U.S. v. Bhagat Singh Thind (1923), the Supreme Court deemed Asian Indians ineligible for citizenship because U.S. law allowed only free whites to become naturalized citizens. The court conceded that Indians were “Caucasians” and that…

Foul Means By Anthony S. Parent Jr.

“Governor Spotswood also sensed the danger. The 1710 conspiracy demonstrated the ability of the enslaved to organize across ethnic lines–and at a time when their numbers were rapidly increasing–making them a “Most Dangerous” enemy. He chided slaveholders for their lax…

Race in North America: Origin and Evolution of a Worldview By Audrey Smedley

“A watershed in the developing ideology was reached when in 1723 the General Assembly of Virginia passed an act ostensibly designed to promote better government and social control. One of its most significant articles state that “no free negro, mulatto,…

A Dark Inheritance: Blood, Race, and Sex in Colonial Jamaica Brooke N. Newman

“Colonial legislators across the slave societies of British America grappled with pressing questions related to racial heritage and political participation in the early eighteenth century. In 1721, in response to concerns about “Sham Free-holders” voting in violation of “the freedom…

The American Colonies: From Settlement to Independence By Richard C. Simmons

“This legislation and other sources reveal that not all the early Negro population in the Chesapeake were slaves, although the percentage of free Negroes was very small. The early treatment of the free Negro was in part an index of…

The Moors Were to be treated on Equal footing with other Nations

“The doctrine of infra praesidia was denied, and it was asserted that the property was vested by capture as to the enemy; that though it may be trespass as to the neutral, the taking vests the right in the captor,…

Islam in the Mind of American Courts: 1800 to 1960 By Marie A. Failinger

This paper produced by Marie A. Failinger provides excellent references and details. Inside the paper is found the following: Beyond these early explorers and the occasional free Muslim mentioned in early histories, recent historians of Muslim America suggest that the…

Judges Absolute Immunity To Civil Liability Is Overcome In Only Two Sets Of Circumstances

“McInerney has been appointed the presiding judge over the 40 municipal courts in Burlington County. Chief Justice Stuart Rabner named McInerney, of Cinnaminson, New Jersey (Burlington County)  (Pictured Above) Chief Justice Stuart Rabner named McInerney , of Cinnaminson, to the position to replace Bonnie L. Goldman, who…

Diplomatic Relations of the United States with the Barbary Coast, 1790-1801

“In the meantime, Adams and Jefferson were attempting to conclude a treaty with Tripoli. The initiative, relative to this, had been taken by one Abdurrahman, a Tripolitan ambassador in London. To an acquaintance, he had expressed surprise that Adams had…

1845 Speech on the Mexican War By U.S. House Representative George Ashmun

    “George Ashmun (December 25, 1804 – July 16, 1870) was a Whig member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Massachusetts. Ashmun was born in Blandford, Massachusetts to Eli P. Ashmun and Lucy Hooker. He graduated from Yale in…

The Letter of the Law difference between “Rights of Moors” and “Rights of Blacks” in American Law

“WHEREAS, The Supreme Court of the United States has solemnly declared its opinion that the congressional enactment known as the civil rights law, of February 27, 1875, is not in accordance with the United States Constitution, and consequently inoperative as…

Legal Foundation of Sovereignty & Possession In The English New World

“The brothers Christopher and Bartholomew Columbus had offered their westward services to Henry VII in 1491-92 in the hopes of receiving patronage,  although there is no evidence that they received English royal favour before approaching the rulers of Castile. Perhaps it…

The International Law of Discovery, Indigenous Peoples

“The Doctrine of Discovery is one of the earliest examples of classical international law—that is, the accepted legal norms and principles that control conduct between different states. The Doctrine was developed to regulate European countries’ actions and conflicts over exploration,…

English Possessions In America Were Claimed By Anglo-Christian Right Of Discovery

“The English possessions in America were not claimed by right of conquest, but by right of discovery. According to the principles of international law, as then understood by the civilized powers of Europe, the Indian tribes in the new world…

U.S. Founding Fathers Included Islam Thomas Jefferson Didn’t Just Own A Quran

“At a time when most Americans were uninformed, misinformed, or simply afraid of Islam, Thomas Jefferson imagined Muslims as future citizens of his new nation. His engagement with the faith began with the purchase of a Qur’an eleven years before…

Islam and English Law

“It remains curious in this regard that little effort is made to examine the attempts medieval Latin-Speaking Christians made to assert their Visigothic roots vis-a-vis Christian communities embracing Arab culture and language. What continuities may be present here? The second…

Moorish Treaties with the English hurt Spanish Commerce

“For now though, what’s important to the story of English trade with Morocco is Sebastian’s inglorious and devastating defeat, and the fact that all 3 rulers, Sebastian, Al-Malik, and Abdallah Muhammed died on the one day of fighting.” Source: Thomas…

The Law Of Freedom And Bondage In The United States

  Discussion on Moors can be found on pages 162, 234, 341 in The Law of Freedom and Bondage in the United States,  inside we find: “Whatever foundations there may have been in natural reason for slavery, in the opinion of…

Fordham Law Professor Concurs “Black Racial Status” Is a “Legal Disability”

Professor Kimani Paul-Emile, an associate professor of law at Fordham University and associate director of its law school’s Center on Race, Law & Justice, published a 72-page report titled “Blackness is a Disability”.   Professor Emile bottom line is being black…

 “Black Racial Status” A Synonym For “Slave Status”

 “Black”  Becomes a Synonym for “Slave” The Skin Color customs of modern American Blacks demonstrates that they have adopted their former master’s ideas as to the identity given to them after being stripped of their freedom. This also shows the…

DUTIES AND OBLIGATIONS

“In State v. Weleck, 10 N.J. 355 (1952), the court said: the duties are prescribed by some special or private law, the duties are imposed by a general statute or arise out of the very nature of the office, the…

Administrative and Criminal Complaints Application to Civil Complaints

A district court must accept any and all reasonable inferences derived from those facts. Unger v. Nat’l Residents Matching Program, 928 F.2d 1392 (3d Cir.1991); Glenside West Corp. v. Exxon Co., U.S.A., 761 F. Supp. 1100, 1107 (D.N.J.1991); Gutman v….

Ninth Amendment: Rights in the United States are not created by Government

  Although there is some authority for the proposition that the Ninth Amendment is a source of fundamental rights, see Griswold v. Connecticut, 381 U.S. 479, 493, 85 S.Ct. 1678, 14 L.Ed.2d 510 (1965) (Goldberg, J., concurring) The Ninth Amendment provides: “The…

FURTHERING AMERICAN FREEDOM: CIVIL RIGHTS & THE THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT

Alexander Tsesis* Abstract:  This Article discusses why the Thirteenth Amendment’s reach extends beyond the institution of slavery and has important implications for civil liberties. The Amendment—in providing a mechanism to protect fundamental rights articulated in the Declaration of Independence and Preamble…

Thirteenth Amendment Established Universal Freedom

The requirements of a violation of an individual’s Thirteenth Amendment rights are clear. See United States v. Kozminski, 487 U.S. 931, 108 S. Ct. 2751, 101 L. Ed. 2d 788 (1988). In United States v. Kozminski, the Supreme Court held…

Equitable Considerations

  While disease or illness may warrant equitable tolling, the disease must be of such severity that it rendered the litigant unable to pursue his legal claims. See Fisher v. Johnson, 174 F.3d 710, 715 (1999) (referring to mental illness);…

18 U.S. Code § 242. Deprivation of rights under color of law

“Of critical significance is the fact that in holding § 20 constitutional the Court construed it to extend only to acts committed with the intent to deprive a person of a right made specific (1) by the express terms of…

Fourteenth Amendment Privileges and Immunities Clause

Stating that the plaintiffs could not rely on the Fourteenth Amendment’s privileges and immunities clause because it “has remained essentially moribund since Slaughter House” Presumably, these rights of national citizenship were protected against state infringement since the beginning of the…

Fundamental Miscarriage of Justice

  “To show a fundamental miscarriage of justice, a petitioner must demonstrate that he is actually innocent of the crime . . . by presenting new evidence of innocence.” Nor does he allege that lack of review by this court…

Substantial Rights

  “It comes down on its face to a very plain admonition: “Do not be technical, where technicality does not really hurt the party whose rights in the trial and in its outcome the technicality affects.” Kotteakos v. United States…

Equality under the Privileges and Immunities Clauses

Elaborates upon the intent “to secure and perpetuate mutual friendship and intercourse among the people of the different States in this union,” and to establish equal treatment and freedom of movement for the free inhabitants of each state to pass…

Collateral Estoppel

“Cities have been traditionally regarded as subordinate governmental instrumentalities created by the state to assist in the carrying out of state governmental functions. Reynolds v. Sims (1964), 377 U.S. 533, 575, 12 L.Ed. 2d 506, 84 S.Ct. 1362; State v….

Fraud Upon The Court

“Affirming dismissal of § 2255 motion based on fraud on the court on finding that petitioner’s “proffered evidence did not establish that the prosecution intentionally permitted or condoned the lying” and thus petitioner “failed to present ‘clear, unequivocal and convincing evidence’ of…

Judicial Estoppel

In Montrose Med. Group Participating Sav. Plan v. Bulger, 243 F.3d 773, 777 (3d Cir. 2001), the Third Circuit defined the requirements for arguing judicial estoppel: “Judicial estoppel may be imposed only if: (1) the party to be estopped is…

RECONSIDER, VACATE AND MODIFY STANDARD OF REVIEW

  Rather, the rule permits a reconsideration only when “dispositve factual matters or controlling decisisions of law” were presented to the court but were overlooked. See Resorts Int’l v. Great Bay Hotel and Casino, 830 F. Supp. 826, 831 (D.N.J….

PUBLIC INTEREST

  (the public’s interest in vindicating important federal rights.)” Ryan v. Burlington County, N.J., 889 F.3d 1286, 1292 (3d Cir. 1989) Here, the present matter involves a public entity, public safety, and matters of public concern—all factors which support the…

Miscarriage of Justice

Finding that errors concerning alleged due process violations may amount to a miscarriage of justice and invalidate an appellate waiver. U.S. v. Khattak 273 F.3d 557 (3d Cir. 2001) As we explained in our decision in Cristin, 281 F.3d at…

Courts Find Treaties to be Judicially enforceable on behalf of Private Parties

Moorish treaties use the phrase “Any Moors” in several provisions found in treaties with the British and the United States. The “Any Moors” phrases implies private rights of actions just as “Any Person” does within the private rights of actions…

THE DIARIES OF JOHN QUINCY ADAMS: DIARY 37, 11 NOVEMBER 1825 – 24 JUNE 1828, PAGE

  Although Abdul Rahman is a Moor, otherwise called Prince of Ibrahim, who has been forty years a slave in this country. He wrote two or three years since to the Emperor of Morocco, in Arabic, in consequence of which…

“Shocks the Conscience”

    In addressing the standard for a substantive due process claim, the Court noted that it was “behavior at the [extreme] end of the culpability spectrum that would most probably support a substantive due process claim.” Id. at 849, 118 S.Ct. 1708….

Moors before the New Jersey Courts, 1704

Case # 17871 1729.  Monmouth County. Robert Hunter (late Governor of New Jersey) v. Johannes Smock (Surety for Obadiah Bowne, deceased, late Executor of Captain John Bowne) Rejoinder in Debt on Bond (from 1719) On a £10,000 surety bond for…

Equal Justice Under Law

The words “equal justice under law” paraphrase an earlier expression coined in 1891 by the Supreme Court. Cabraser, Elizabeth. “The Essentials of Democratic Mass Litigation”, Columbia Journal of Law & Social Problems, Vol. 45, p. 499 (Summer 2012). Peccarelli, Anthony….

Mandamus is an Extraordinary Remedy

Mandamus is an extraordinary remedy. See Kerr v. U.S. Dist. Court, 426 U.S. 394, 402 (1976).   Within the discretion of the issuing court, the writs traditionally may be “used . . . only ‘to confine an inferior court to a lawful…

Conflict between a Judge’s Written or Oral Opinion and a Subsequent Written Order

  “When there is a conflict between the oral opinion of the trial judge and the order entered, the oral opinion is controlling. State v. Pohlabel, 40 N.J. Super. 416, 423 (App. Div. 1956); see also State v. Warmbrun, 277…

The term “Citizen” supplanted “Subject” in this Country and Others

“Before the Declaration of Independence, “subject” and “denizen” 2 were the terms most frequently used in’the United States in connections where “citizen” would now be the proper word. This was the natural usage in what then were British colonies, endowed…

A Writ of Prohibition Against Further Prosecution

“Plaintiffs moved to dismiss the indictment on the grounds that, inter alia, the prosecution violated the nurse plaintiffs’ Thirteenth Amendment rights and Vinluan’s First Amendment rights. ( Id. ¶ 94.) Their motion was denied by the state trial court judge…

Substantive Due Process

  “The Due Process Clause, however, ‘does not transform every tort committed by a state actor into a constitutional violation.’ ” Id. (quoting DeShaney v. Winnebago County Dep’t of Soc. Servs., 489 U.S. 189, 202, 109 S.Ct. 998, 103 L.Ed.2d…

Cross-Complaints and Equal Protection

Citing 8 Moore’s Federal Practice 3.05 at p. 3-7 (in effect in 1975), the district court observed that “[a]lthough a private citizen is not barred by the Rules from instituting a complaint before a magistrate; he may not do so…

Understanding Of The Concept Of Treaty In Al-Islam By Anisa Abd El Fattah

Before anyone can look into the various meanings of Al-Hudaybiah treaty, or any Muslim treaty hoping perhaps  to ascertain the meaning of certain approaches or tactics used to arrive at agreements, or to enforce agreements, etc. one must understand some…

Treaties in Islam By Abu Tariq

“The following is a useful article written by a brother some time ago. It is especially relevant now due to the ongoing peace process in order to legitimize the illegal Israeli state. In 1979, the Egyptian regime signed a peace treaty with…

U.S. House Votes To Ban “Negro” But Omits “Black”

UNITED STATES – APRIL 8: Rep. Grace Meng, D-NY, participates in the House Democratic women news conference to mark “Equal Pay Day” on Tuesday, April 8, 2014. The lei was made out of Pay Day candy bars strung together. (Photo…

Holy See Statement As To The Doctrine Of Discovery

“Webster’s New International Dictionary of the English Language, published in 1923, states, under “Family of Nations”: “—f. of nations. Internat. Law, an aggregate of states, which, as a result of their antecedents, have inherited a common civilization, and are at…

The United States is a “Sovereign Corporation Aggregate”

The sovereign power being in the people, it can be exercised only through an agency of the people. Cooley’s Constitutional Limitations, 8th Ed., Vol. 1, p. 87. The constitutional convention is an agency of the people to formulate or amend and revise…

Territorial Sovereignty of the Sultan of Morocco extended as far as his Religious Suzerainty

Fouad Ammoun was a Minister for Foreign Affairs in Lebanon. Born 1900, educated University of St. Joseph, Beirut, where he graduated. He was born the son of Maronite Christians and completed his law studies in Beirut, Lyon, and Monrovia. After working as a…

1952 Hague I.C.J. Judges: “Moorish-USA 1836 treaty Apply to Criminal & Civil Cases”

“The Court then considered the extent of the consular jurisdiction of the United States in Morocco and held that the United States was entitled to exercise such jurisdiction in the French Zone in all disputes, civil or criminal, between United…

Companies Possessed Rights either of Actual or Virtual Sovereignty

The author treats on his subject under two headings that of private international law (Part I) and that of English law (Part II.) This division lends itself admirably to a comparative study of the laws of the various countries upon…

Residence in Foreign Parts does not affect the Nationality of Moorish subjects

The U.S. Government sent its first official communication to the Sultan of Morocco in December 1780. It read: “We the Congress of the 13 United States of North America, have been informed of your Majesty’s favorable regard to the interests…

Lawyers Have Long Recognized an Ethical Obligation To Represent Litigants Unable To Pay

Courts have long recognized that attorneys, because of their profession, owe some duty to the court and to the public to serve without compensation when called on. [T]he obligation of the legal profession to serve indigents on court order is…

Fundamental Fairness is Due Process, No Attorney, No Fairness, No Due Process

In United States v. Twigg, 588 F.2d 373, 379 (3d Cir. 1978), we held that due process and “fundamental fairness will not permit any defendant to be convicted of a crime in which police conduct was `outrageous.’” Holding that due…

Higher Standard of Ethical Conduct

  In Board of Chosen Freeholders the Court found that: “Defendant was acting as a judicial officer and was bound to an even higher standard of ethical conduct than other public officials. He had a duty to enforce court orders….

Heightened Pleading Requirement For Civil Rights Cases is Void

  In 1993, the Supreme Court struck down the heightened pleading requirement for civil rights cases. See Leatherman v. Tarrant County Narcotics Intelligence Coordination Unit, 507 U.S. 163, 168, 113 S.Ct. 1160, 122 L.Ed.2d 517 (1993) (“We think that it…

Racial Discrimination

    The NJLAD makes it unlawful “[f]or an employer, because of race . . . to discriminate against such individual in compensation or in terms, conditions or privileges of employment.”  N.J.S.A. 10:5-12(a). When analyzing claims of discrimination under the NJLAD…

Frivolous Litigation and The Inherent Authority of the Courts

    Judges have an “inherent authority” to impose sanctions for blatant violations of our court rules apart from any specific provisions setting forth those sanctions. Mandel v. UBS/PaineWebber, Inc., 373 N.J.Super. 55, 82, 860 A.2d 945, 961 (App. Div….

Usurpation of Treaty, Constitutional and Legislative Power by the Courts

“To alter, amend, or add to any treaty, by inserting any clause, whether small or great, important or trivial, would be on [the] part [of courts] an usurpation of power, and not an exercise of judicial functions.” Id. at 135,…

First Serve First Come Criminal Complaint Policies-Deny Equal Protection

    Concluding as “firmly grounded in New York law,” the conclusion from Gentile, Walker, and Myers that “where prosecutors, pursuant to policy or custom, conceal exculpatory evidence and commit other wrongs in order to secure a conviction, liability rests…

Racial Epithets

Carfagno made manifest, by word and deed, that racial bias motivated his selection of the assault victims in this case. See Adams v. Commonwealth, 33 Va. App. 463, 471, 534 S.E.2d 347, 351 (2000). Carfagno used the term “black bitches,”…

Group Libel

  Group libel is defined as the depiction of the “depravity, criminality, unchastity, or lack of virtue” of any social group, including a race, which holds the group up to public contempt.  All racial and ethnic insults imply debasement of…

Fighting Words Doctrine

    The “fighting words” doctrine encompasses direct, scurrilous verbal abuse of an individual or small group likely to incite an immediate breach of the peace. “Fighting words” are “`personally abusive epithets’ and not merely [words that are deemed] a…

FRAUD UPON THE COURT

  We have previously stated that “fraud upon the court includes . . . fraud by an officer of the court, including an attorney.” In re Genesys Data Techs., Inc., 204 F.3d 124, 130 (4th Cir. 2000). This would, at…

EQUAL JUSTICE UNDER LAW

  Passaic County Legal Aid Society is a prepaid legal services corporation funded in part under the National Legal Services Corporation Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 2996a-k. Its special mission is to provide legal representation to needy people and to make…

 Mandamus Is An Extraordinary Remedy

“‘[W]here the subject concerns the enforcement of the … rules which by law it is the duty of this court to formulate and put in force’, mandamus should issue to prevent such action thereunder so palpably improper as to place…

Civil Rights Conspiracies: 42 U.S.C. 1985(3)

  Civil Rights Conspiracies: Section 1985(3) after Carpenters v. Scott. “In contrast, state action is not required for a section 1985(3) action based upon a conspiracy to interfere with one’s thirteenth amendment right to be free from the badges of slavery.” The Griffin…

DOCTRINE OF ABUSE OF PROCESS AND THE RIGHT TO PROCEDURAL DUE PROCESS

The doctrine of abuse of process engages the inherent power of the court to prevent the misuse of its procedure in a way that would be manifestly unfair to a party to the litigation before it or would in some…

EGREGIOUS GOVERNMENTAL ABUSES AND THE RIGHT TO SUBSTANTIVE DUE PROCESS

Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, such as the “right to be heard in an impartial forum,” Great W. Mining & Mineral Co. v. Fox Rothschild LLP, 615 F.3d 159, 161 (3d Cir. 2010), and the “right of access…

FUNDAMENTAL JUSTICE

  As to what would constitute fundamental injustice, it may be useful to consider a case such as State v. Cerbo, 78 N.J. 595 , 397 A.2d 671 (1979). In that case the Court dealt with a violation of statutory…

EXTRAORDINARY CIRCUMSTANCES

Finding “extraordinary circumstances in a legal system that was openly hostile to the [plaintiffs], courts that were practically closed to their claims, a City that blamed them…and actually suppressed the facts, an era of Klan domination of the courts and…